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Golden Retrievers are an intelligent breed with a good work ethic and generally good temperaments. Common working roles include: hunting, tracking and detection (they have a great sense of smell which helps when working in these areas), disabled-assistance, carting, and therapy work. Golden Retrievers are an exuberant Scottish gun-dog. They are serious workers at hunting and field work, as guides for the blind, and in search-and-rescue, enjoy obedience and other competitive events, and have an endearing love of life.
Size: Height: 23-24 inches (male), 21.5-22.5 inches (female) Weight: 65-75 pounds (male), 55-65 pounds (female) Life Expectancy: 10-12 years
Personality: Has the reputation of being one of the most sweet-natured breeds, and it's well deserved. Golden Retrievers are outgoing, eager to please, and friendly with both people and other animals.
Temperament: Kind, Friendly, Trustworthy, Reliable, Confident, Intelligent, Pleasant, Outgoing and Tractable nature. Goldens are outgoing, trustworthy, and eager-to-please family dogs, and relatively easy to train. They take a joyous and playful approach to life and maintain this puppyish behavior into adulthood. These energetic, powerful gun-dogs enjoy outdoor play. For a breed built to retrieve waterfowl for hours on end, swimming and fetching are natural pastimes. The Retriever not only loves kids, he enjoys the commotion they bring with them. He'll happily attend a child's birthday party, and even willingly wear a party hat. Like all dogs, however, he needs to be trained how to act around kids. This breed has a reputation as a very even-tempered breed and an excellent family dog.
Activity Requirements: Daily 30-minute walks, a romp at the dog park, or a game of fetch, are a few ways to help your Lab burn off energy.
Grooming: Golden Retrievers heavily shed their thick, water-repellant double coat once or twice a year, and they also shed more moderately on a continuous basis. Most of the time, a good brushing-out with a slicker brush once or twice a week will be sufficient. During times of heavy shedding, these brushing sessions turn into daily affairs. Baths help to loosen the dead hairs, but the dog must be completely dry before brushing begins. This breed only need occasional baths to keep them clean. Their nails should be trimmed regularly.
Behavioral Traits: The lovable retriever needs to be around his family, and is definitely not a backyard dog. If he's left alone for too long, he'll probably tarnish his saintly reputation: A lonely, bored retriever is apt to dig, chew, or find other destructive outlets for his energy.
Diet: 2.5 to 3 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. Note: How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level.
Keeping this all in mind, general guidelines are as follows:
2 to 4 lb. 1/3 to 1/2 cups per day.
5 to 8 lb. 1/2 to 3/4 cups per day.
8 to 10 lb. adult = 1/2 to 3/4 cups per day.
10 to 12 lb. adult = 3/4 to 1 cup per day.
13 to 16 lb. adult = 1 to 1 and 1/4 cups per day.
Trainability: Aside from a winning personality, he has the intelligence and eagerness to please that make him easy to train. Training is definitely necessary because this breed has a lot of energy and exuberance. The working heritage of the this breed means he is active. They need activity, both physical and mental, to keep him happy. There is some variation in the activity levels of this breed: some are rowdy, others are more laid back. All thrive on activity.
History: Golden Retriever is the fifth-most popular dog breed by registrations (92,994) worldwide. The most important name in the early history of the Golden Retriever is Dudley Marjoribanks, the first Lord Tweedmouth, who developed the breed in the Scottish Highlands during the reign of Victoria. For the 50 years between 1840 and 1890, Tweedmouth kept scrupulous records of breedings effected to create an ideal gun-dog for use at his Guisachan estate in the Highlands, Inverness-shire, Scotland. Tweedmouth wanted a dog suited to the rainy climate and rugged terrain of the area, so he crossed his “Yellow Retriever” with a breed that is now extinct, the Tweed Water Spaniel. Irish Setter and Bloodhound were also added to the mix. “Through several generations of clever breeding,” an admiring historian wrote, “Tweed mouth created a consistent line of exceptional working retrievers.” With a little more refinement after Tweed mouth’s time, the Golden Retriever came forth as an enduring gift to dog kind from a hunt-happy aristocrat.nThe Golden was first seen at a British dog show in 1908, and good specimens of the breed began arriving in America, by way of Canada, at about the same time. Sport hunters appreciated the breed’s utility, show fanciers were enthralled by their beauty and dash, and all were impressed by the Golden’s sweet, sensible temperament. The Golden was popular from the beginning of its American history, but the breed’s popularity really took off in the 1970s, the era of President Gerald Ford and his beautiful Golden named Liberty.
Life span: 10 to 12 years
Temperament: Kind, Friendly, Trustworthy, Reliable, Confident, Intelligent, pleasant, outgoing
Weight: 65-75 pounds (male), 55-65 pounds (female)
Height: 23-24 inches (male), 21.5-22.5 inches (female)
Colors: Cream, Golden, Dark Golden, Light Golden