Cavalier King Charles Spaniel can be great playmates for kids who will enjoy throwing a ball for them, teaching them tricks, participating in dog sports, or simply having them on a lap while they read or watch television. Because of their small size, however, they should be supervised when playing with small children who might injure them accidentally.
Size: This small but sturdy dog stands 12 to 13 inches at the shoulder and weighs 13 to 18 pounds. Their size and generally quiet nature make Cavalier King Charles Spaniels good candidates for apartment or condo living. They are moderately active indoors, and a small yard is adequate for their exercise needs.
Personality: The Cavalier is eager to meet everyone who crosses his path.
Temperament: The breed is highly affectionate, playful, extremely patient and eager to please. As such, dogs of the breed are good with children and other dogs. Cavaliers are not shy about socializing with much larger dogs. They will adapt quickly to almost any environment, family, and location and suit city and country life. Their ability to bond with larger and smaller dogs makes them ideal in houses with more than one breed of dog as long as the other dog is trained. Cavaliers are naturally curious and playful, but also enjoy simply cuddling up on a cushion or lap, making them excellent companion or lap dogs for medical patients and the elderly.
Activity Requirements: Although the Cavalier was bred to be a beloved lap dog, he is descended from sporting dogs and does enjoy moderate exercise and outdoor activities. He will happily go on walks with his owner and also performs well in a number of canine sports, but he’s just as glad to stay on the sofa all day. Cavaliers should not be allowed off leash because they retain scenting and hunting instincts, and they may not come when called if they’ve found an interesting trail to follow or a creature to pursue. A fenced yard is recommended.
Behavioral Traits: Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is sweet-tempered, playful, and gentle. More than most other breeds, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels need a great deal of companionship and do not like being left alone for more than a few hours. They are very dependent dogs – often too dependent. When they feel abandoned, they become anxious, which they express by chewing destructively and barking. If you work all day, this is not the breed for you.
Diet: 1/2 to 1 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. The Cavalier should be fed a high-quality dog food appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some Cavaliers are prone to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. If you choose to give your dog treats, do so in moderation. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Give table scraps sparingly, if at all, especially avoiding cooked bones and foods with high fat content.
Keeping this all in mind, general guidelines are as follows:
2 to 4 lbs. 1/3 to 1/2 cups per day.
5 to 8 lbs. 1/2 to 3/4 cups per day.
8 to 10 lb. adult = 1/2 to 3/4 cups per day.
10 to 12 lb. adult = 3/4 to 1 cup per day.
13 to 16 lb. adult = 1 to 1 and 1/4 cups per day.
Trainability: When it comes to training, Cavaliers are generally intelligent and willing to try whatever it is you'd like them to do. The Cavalier is a sweet, gentle, and affectionate breed, very eager to please their human. They are friendly with strangers and with other animals, and they can do very well with children. They are smart and train easily, and Cavaliers excel in a number of canine sports including obedience, rally, and agility. With their sweet nature they also make fantastic therapy dogs.
Colors: Tri-color, Black & Tan, Ruby, Blenheim
History: In 1992, the AKC invited the CKCSC, USA to become the parent club for the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. The membership said no. A small group of CKCSC, USA members formed the American Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club (ACKCSC) and applied to the AKC for parent-club status. This was granted, and the AKC officially recognized the breed in March 1995.
The CKCSC, USA is still an independent breed registry, but the ACKCSC is the parent club for the breed within the AKC.
Life span: 9 to 15 years
Temperament: Fearless, Affectionate, Sociable, Patient, Playful, Adaptable
Weight: 13 – 18 lbs Adult Male: 13 – 18 lbs Adult
Height: Female: 12 – 13 in. (Adult), Male: 12 – 13 in. (Adult)
Colors: Tri-color, Black & Tan, Ruby, Blenheim
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- About 8 weeks
- 15.00 (in)