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Dalmatians are dignified, loyal, playful and very active dogs. This breed has delightful, eye-catching spots of black or liver adorn one of the most distinctive coats in the animal kingdom. Beneath the spots is a graceful, elegantly proportioned trotting dog standing between 19 and 23 inches at the shoulder. These dogs are excellent companions if they are trained properly, which is why they have been able to sustain their popularity.
Size: The Dalmatian is a breed of medium-sized dog, noted for its unique black or liver spotted coat and mainly used as a carriage dog in its early days.
Personality: They are prone to shyness, and if they are not socialized properly to help them overcome their shyness, it can hamper their lifestyle. They are outgoing and friendly dogs and are suitable companions for children.
Temperament: They are of even temperament if they are properly trained and socialized, at an early age. If they are not socialized at an early age, they tend to become aggressive towards others, and possessive of their families. Dalmatians form strong bonds with their families and if they are given up, they are known to cry and pine for their owners, and some starve themselves to death. Bringing home a dalmatian requires commitment, so it is best to first analyze whether you are up for the job.
Activity Requirements: Dalmatians require a lot of exercise, since they are very playful and energetic dogs. To stay fit and happy exercise can consist of chasing a ball tossed across the backyard, running alongside a biking or jogging owner, or taking a nice, long hike through the woods. This Athletic, vigorous dog has great endurance and a working heritage.
Behavioral Traits: The Dalmatian is a dependable, dignified gentleman, yet high-spirited and playful. Too much confinement (especially without the companionship of his family) and too little mental stimulation lead to boredom, hyperactivity, and destructive behaviors.
Diet: high-quality dog food appropriate for the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior) will have all the nutrients the Dalmatian needs. To avoid tipping the scales, watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity.
Keeping this all in mind, general guidelines are as follows:
2 to 4 lbs. 1/3 to 1/2 cups per day.
5 to 8 lbs. 1/2 to 3/4 cups per day.
8 to 10 lb. adult = 1/2 to 3/4 cups per day.
10 to 12 lb. adult = 3/4 to 1 cup per day.
13 to 16 lb. adult = 1 to 1 and 1/4 cups per day.
Trainability: They are intelligent animals, and they are eager to please their masters and learn new things and tricks. They pick up new things pretty quickly and they are very determined dogs, which makes them a delight to train. They can be trained in various dog-agility exercises, as well as to participate in games like horse riding, jogging, fly ball, etc. They respond well to praise and rewards, and this is often used to help them learn difficult tasks, specially if they are unwilling or reluctant initially.
Colors: Dalmatian is a distinctively spotted dog; poised and alert; strong, muscular and active; free of shyness; intelligent in expression; symmetrical in outline; and without exaggeration or coarseness. Dalmatian puppies are born without spots.
History: Dalmatians have a job description unique among AKC breeds: coach dog. Their traditional occupation was to trot beside horse-drawn coaches, and to guard the horses and rig when otherwise unattended. Dals were alongside the caravans of the Romani people, commonly known as gypsies, during their ceaseless wanderings around Europe. This association with the peripatetic Romani helps explain why Dal origins are so difficult to pin down—as with the gypsies themselves, the world was their home. Its roots trace back to Croatia and its historical region of Dalmatia. Dals entered the AKC Stud Book in 1888. The Dalmatian Club of America holds road trials to test their dogs’ “coach dog” ability.
*The average life span of a dalmatian is between 14 - 16 years. This is quite long in terms of dog years, so before deciding to get a dalmatian as a pet, you should consider the commitment that is going to be required for the next 15 years of your life, and then decide whether you are up for it
Temperament: Outgoing, Friendly, Energetic, Playful, Sensitive, Intelligent, Active
Life span: 14– 16 years
Weight: Female: 35–53 lbs (16–24 kg), Male: 33–71 lbs (15–32 kg)
Height: Female: 22–23 inches (56–58 cm), Male: 23–24 inches (58–61 cm)
Colors: Liver & White, Black & White